Ex. 15:20–21; Judges11:34; 21:21; 1 Sam. 18:6-7; 21:11; 29:5; 2 Sam. 6:1,4-16; 1 Chron. 15:29; Ps. 30:11; 149: 3; 150:4; Jer. 31:4, 12-13; Matt. 11:17; Lu. 7:32; 10:21; 15:25
Many of the words in Hebrew and Greek for “joy” or “rejoicing” include the understanding of dancing and other physical movement. For example, the Greek verb agalliao (noun: agallias) is used over 16 times in the New Testament and translated in the KJV as “exceeding joy,” “greatly rejoice,” etc., actually means in the literal derivation: “very much leaping.” (Matt. 5:12; Lu. 1:14, 44, 47; 10:21; Jn. 5:35; 8:56; Acts 2:26, 46; 16:34; Heb. 1:9; 1 Pet. 1:6, 8; 4:13; Jude 24; Rev. 19:7
There are many occasions where dance is appropriate. Such as:
• Dancing in worship—2 Sam. 6:14–16; 1 Chron. 15:29 David danced before the Lord with all his might.
Ps. 30:11 You have turned for me my mourning into dancing
Ps. 149:3 Let them praise his name in the dance
• In times of joy and festivity—1 Ki. 19:16 Able-Meholah is called “the meadow of the dance.” This is the place set a side for feast days and festivals. Elisha was born there. He is a type of the double portion ministry—another picture of the Church in the Last Days, just as dancing and celebration are marks of the Church today. The Hebrew words for “feast” and “holy day” (Ex. 12:14, 17; Lev. 23:41; Jud. 11:34; Ps. 42:4) is chagag, which is also one of the words for “dance.”
• Prophetic dance—Ex. 15:1–19 is the first prophetic song recorded in the Bible. Moses sang this song following the defeat of the Egyptians at the Red Sea. Moses’ sister, Miriam and other women responded to Moses’ song with a dance (verses 20–21). 1 Sam. 18:6–7 is a prophetic song and dance declaring the exploits of David. He had just slain Goliath, but the song and dance prophesied of the victories to come.
• The dance of War—
Ø Josh. 3:13 The feet of the priests made a way for God’s people to cross the river Jordan
Ø 2 Sam. 22:37–44; Pss. 18:47; 47:3 The Lord places our enemies under our feet. Even nations will be under our feet
Ø Pss. 18:34, 40; 144:1 He teaches our hands to war
Ø Micah 1:3 The Lord comes down and treads on the high places of the earth. “Tread”
-hadak to crush with the foot (Job 40:12)
-ramak to trample; to oppress (Is. 26:6; Ez. 26:11)
-buwc to trample; loath; pollute; tread (Pss. 44:5; 60:12; 108:13; Is. 14:25; 63:3)
-darak to string a bow by treading on it and bending it, archer, guide, lead ((Ps. 91:13; Micah 1:3)
-siym cast in, change, dispose, tread down, overturn (Is. 10:6)
-pateo (Greek) to trample, tread down under foot (Lu 10:19)
Ø Heb 2:8–9 The Lord has put all things under His feet
Ø Rom. 6:13 We must yield our whole bodies as weapons that bring righteousness
Ø Rom. 16:20 God is going to crush (shatter completely) Satan under our feet
Ø Eph. 6:12 We wrestle against principalities and powers. The word for “wrestle” in Greek is pale, which comes from the Greek wrestling matches, which were fights to the death. Each warrior would attempt to crush the back of the neck of his opponent (2 Cor. 10:4)
Ø Col. 2:15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it. The Greek word for “triumph” is thriambenuo, which means, “to make an acclamatory procession.” This is a procession or march of victory following a battle.